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The court in Moscoso Villaronga found that the obtention of a prejudgment writ of attachment and the recording of the same in the property registry according to Puerto Rico law constitutes a “legal or equitable process or proceeding” by which a judicial lien may be created, and that therefore the term “judicial lien” encompasses a pre-judgment writ of attachment as obtained under Puerto Rico law.
Specifically, Quadrel argues that it lacks adequate protection of its interest in the property because the amount of its claim exceeds the security. Section provided “Every person who shall bring an action for the fulfillment of any obligation may obtain an order from the court having cognizance of the suit providing that the proper measures be taken to secure the effectiveness of the judgment as the case may require it, should it be rendered in his favor.
Southern California Plastics, Inc. Findings of Fact Quadrel is engaged in the business of leasing trailer tank trucks for the transportation of hazardous chemicals.
D.p.r. 581 95 pdf
In re Seijo Custodio, 74 B. Authorities 24 This opinion cites: Medina Torres, Hato Rey, P. The court must look to the laws of the state in which the writ of attachment issues in order to determine if a creditor has acquired a lien on attached real property.
The “choateness doctrine” provided that a lien’s priority was measured from the time it became choate; that is, when the identity of the lienor, the property subject to the lien, and the amount of the lien were established. Please support our work with a donation. The Court held that the United States’s tax liens, which were recorded after the creditor’s attachment but before he obtained judgment, were superior to the attachment lien.
The Bankruptcy Code further provides that, upon request of a party in interest, and after notice and a hearing, the court may grant relief from the automatic stay:.
Newsletter Sign up to receive the Free Law Project newsletter with tips and announcements. Moscoso Villaronga, B. The court in Moscoso Villaronga further found that the judicial lien created by the prejudgment attachment was valid and perfected.
NOTES  Rule 56 provides that the court may issue a provisional order of attachment to secure satisfaction of a judgment upon motion of a claimant. Attachment of real property is effected by recording the order with the property registry, while an attachment of personal property is effected by depositing the property in court or with a person designated thereby.
Fernando Torrent, San Juan, P. In each of those cases a creditor with a collection action pending before the local courts had recorded a cautionary notice in the registry of property pursuant to Puerto Rico law but had not obtained a final judgment before the debtor’s bankruptcy petition was filed.
In response to the application of these doctrines to disputes involving non-tax federal liens by the lower federal courts, Congress amended the lien provisions of the Internal Revenue Code in to make them more consistent with modern commercial practices in the states. The lien is considered as obtained when the attachment is made, and a subsequent judgment for the plaintiff as doing no more than establish [sic] the fact that it was rightly obtained.
In November,Quadrel leased four trucks to debtor, three of which were later returned. Although its holding does not directly conflict with superior authority, its applications to these facts runs counter to a long line of cases upholding liens in the face of the trustee’s section powers and allowing lienholders to proceed to judgment after bankruptcy.
Such a judgment, followed by execution and levy, only enforces the lien created by the attachment. Delgadoin which the First Circuit Court of Appeals held that a prejudgment attachment of personal property under the laws of Puerto Rico creates a valid lien.
The perfected lien relates back d.p.d.581 priority to the date of the pre-judgment attachment, but it secures the judgment, not the unsecured provable debt. Therefore, the creditors were not secured within the meaning of 11 U.
Quadrel later obtained d.pr.581 second garnishment on personal property of debtor pursuant to Rule 56 of the Puerto Rico Rules of Civil Procedure. Pioneer American Insurance Company, U. Samac Motor Corporation, 92 D. Debtor has no equity in the truck because the amount secured by its attachment far exceeds its fair market value.
Yumet has been followed in subsequent opinions of the first circuit and is still good law.
The Court established a federal common law rule of “choateness” to determine when the nonfederal liens arose, rather than applying state law. To secure payment of the judgment, Quadrel obtained a garnishment on personal property of debtor. Sherred Village Associates, F. The Court relied on Correa Sanchez v. There the court held that a recorded prejudgment attachment obtained under Puerto Rico law constituted a valid, perfected judicial lien.
Unanue View All Citing Opinions. That what is in substance a lien upon the property attached is created when an attachment is made under the above provisions of the Porto Rican Code cannot in our opinion be denied. Thus, to render his lien choate, the lienor must usually reduce d.p.r.51 claim to a judgment.
In Re Carlos A. Rivera, Inc., B.R. –
See also, United States v. Debtor alleges that Quadrel does not have a valid lien because a final judgment has not been entered by the Superior Court and that therefore Quadrel is not a secured creditor and is not entitled to lift the automatic stay. In re Figy, B. Debtors argue that the decisions of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico relied upon by the court in Yumet have been clarified by subsequent decisions which establish that under Puerto Rico law a pre-judgment attachment is perfected by execution of the final judgment.
New Britain, U.
Your Notes d.p.r.851 none. Before judgment could be entered in the collection action the debtor filed a bankruptcy petition which stayed the proceedings in the district court.