MAHAKALI TREATY PDF

Confusion Over Pancheswor Project Interpretation Of Mahakali Treaty. It appears that the authorities of India as well as Nepal are confused. called the Pancheshwar Project The Mahakali Treaty revised some agreements concluded between. India and Nepal in the past. There were deep feelings of. As per the Nepalese constitution, the Mahakali Treaty had to be endorsed by the parliament. Accordingly, when it was introduced, it was.

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Below the Nepal-Uttarakhand border the river enters Uttar Pradesh state and flows southeast across the plains to join the Ghaghra rivera tributary of the Ganges.

Mahakali Treaty

Published in Magazine Issue: As per a submission by the DDP Secretariat of the United Nations Environment Programme UNEP on Dams and Development Project, [18] on the Mahakali Treaty it is stated that “the Treaty emphasizes an integrated approach to the development of water resources and, more importantly, attempts to validate past activities taken to develop water resources on the Mahakali River.

On Tanakpurthe Treaty reaffirmed the Nepalese sovereignty over the land 2. Although the Sharda Agreement was made inNepal could utilise her share of the water only after the construction of the Mahakali Irrigation Project in The Mahakali originates in Nepal and forms the border between the two countries for a considerable distance. Exclusion of the amount of existing use of Mahakli waters in India in the Treaty is a clear indication that Indian side then did not intend to lay claim for additional waters in compensation for existing use or else they would have definitely required inclusion of a special clause to quantify existing use following the rule of precedent already established in the Gandak Treaty.

The northern edge of the Park lies along the Indo-Nepal border, and the southern boundary is formed by the Suheli River. Sharda River near Jauljibi. According to that Institute the consumptive use of waters in the project area for kharif crop during monsoon season is between 20 to 40 cm whereas the effective rainfall is cm.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sharda River. Archived 11 January at the Wayback Machine. The downstream consumptive uses must be ensured by providing outlets at different heights at relatively high cost.

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Confusion Over Pancheswor Project Interpretation Of Mahakali Treaty | New Spotlight Magazine

Retrieved 25 August When the Pancheswar Project comes into being and augments the availability of water in dry season at TanakpurNepal would be provided with additional water and additional energy. In Nepal, it lies entirely in the Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal and in the Mahakali Zone which has four administrative districts — Baitadi District with Baitadi as its headquarters, Dadeldhura District with Dadeldhura as its headquarters, Darchula District with Darchula as its headquarters and Kanchanpur District with Mahendranagar as its headquarters.

This boundary was established by the Sugauli treaty. It has since served as a model scheme for irrigation engineers. Forest stands comprise salKhair and sissoo. In compliance of the Treaty provisions mentioned above, the scope of Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project PMP [23] is being actively discussed and defined by Nepal and India to enable finalisation of the Detailed Project Report.

The terrain of the park varies from mosaic grasslands, dense sal forests and swampy marshes. Needless to say that our Government must implement the Pancheshwar Project strictly adhering each proviso of the Treaty based on correct interpretation. It passes a town Dharchula R and receives Gori Ganga at Jauljibi Rexiting the high mountains that reach into the alpine zone.

India was also required to provide 10 million kWh of power to Nepal with, free of charge. The construction of the Barrage was started in For this purpose, India also agreed to construct a kV transmission line all the way to the Indo-Nepalese border from the Tanakpur Power Station.

They must have been fully content with the fact that after all the Indian share of regulated water in post-Pancheshwor period would far exceed the pre-Pancheshwor existing use in India. These were further elaborated in a document exchanged by the two Prime Ministers. As per the Treaty principles both sides are committed to design and operate the project as a single, integrated scheme to yield, “the maximum total net benefits accruing to them”.

Below Tanakpur, Lower down among the frosted slopes, the river becomes calmer offering the amateur a sporting challenge. Retrieved 3 August The Tanakpur Project was commissioned in April The DPR which was to have been prepared in six months got stalled partly because of certain technical differences.

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Although the Tigers at the Park are numerous, sightings are rare due to the thick forest cover of the area. As per the Treaty, Nepal is now entitled to an annual supply of 70 million kWh of power from Tanakpur HEP on a continuous basis, free of cost, from the effective date of the Mahakali Treaty. In post Pancheshwor period it would be necessary to have reregulation reservoir downstream Pancheshwor dam to ensure proper irrigation in Indian Territory.

The area around Pancheshwar R is called Kali Kumaon. India has also agreed to construct a road linking Tanakpur to Nepal’s East-West highway.

KalapaniUttarakhandIndia. Reregulating Reservoir The Pancheshwor Project is being planned as a short duration peaking power station. Thus the implementation of the Mahakali Project would in no way prejudice existing use of Mahakali waters in India in dry season. The traditional mahakwli of the Maha Kali is the pond of the Kali temple at Kalapani.

Thus the Pancheshwor Project would not prejudice to India’s existing consumptive use. Each day the power station might be in operation only for 4 to 5 hours. The Pancheshwor Project is being planned as a short duration peaking power station.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The geographic sources, however, are some five kilometers further north and some thousand metres higher: The river attracted media attention inover the Kali river goonch attacks that cost three lives, probably by an exceptionally large catfish of the Bagarius yarrelli species.

Sharda River

The power benefit is to be assessed on the basis of saving in costs as compared with the relevant alternatives available. In rafting parlance, in this stretch, the rapids in the river are of Grade IV and more, which could be covered in 3 days. Retrieved treatt ” https: During the initial reservoir filling the river can virtually dry up. Archived from the mahaali on 21 July The Treaty has 12 Articles with a preamble.